Top 5: What to keep in mind when charging an electric car?
Charging an electric car is one of the key issues for drivers – mastering a few simple rules can make operating a "electrics" will be more pleasant and, last but not least, cheaper. However, we are not talking about complicated methods, but simple points that every electric car owner can put into practice today.
You charge your car at home? Take advantage of the night tariff. It will be cheaper!
Charging an electric car at home is, as a rule, the cheapest. Assuming that the driver has a contract for a basic (single-zone) tariff, the cost of downloading 1 kWh is 30 cents. If you use an operator that has its own points, for example. in the area of centrocommercially, the price with AC charging reaches 1.69 zlotys per 1 kWh. RoThe difference is therefore fundamental!
However, this is not the end of the savings, ktore may be the effect of charging an electric car at home. After all, the fees can be further reduced if you decide to sign a contract with the operator for a dual-zone tariff. Then you will pay not 30, but 23 cents for every 1 kWh for using electricity at night. In addition, charging "electric" night is convenient – then the car can usually stand for several hours in the garage without any problems.
Remember, you do not always have to charge the battery to full
For standard charging, the data provided by the manufacturerow official specifications do not look very optimistic. Example? In its brochure, Nissan tells drivers that it can take as long as a full charge of a Leaf model from a home outlet… 21 hours! Such a result indeed sounds fatal. On the other hand, is it really a problem in everyday use? Not necessarily. The energy storage in the Nissan Leaf allows realistically to cover about 250 kilometersow on a single charge, and this distance thatory far exceeds the daily needs of the average driver in Poland’s.
So what does this mean? In fact, during a normal day and commuteow to work, school or shopping, it will be rather difficult for us to discharge the battery to zero, which would result in a 21-hour stop at an outlet. For most driversoat night charging will be sufficient. Besides, even in an emergency situation, during which theorej in the car appears a message indicating low energy, you can always use the services of a fast charger. Through it, the replenishment of 80 percent. stockoin electricity takes about po³ hours.
Rapid recharging takes krotko, but is it safe?
Very often mowi is that frequent battery charging in an electric car done with a fast charger „shortens” its life. There is only a little truth in this statement. What this means specifically? The faster the replenishment process is carried outoin energy in the on-board storage tank, the faster the chemical processes inside it proceed. Their effect is to create temperatures, and this temperature is dangerous for the battery itself. This is because its overheating damages internal structures and affects durability.
It is worth remembering, however, that manufacturers are now dealing with the problem in two ways. First, they install software that controls the charging process. In a situation in whichorej computer registers a drastic increase in cell temperature, it can limit the replenishment rateoin energy or stop the process completely. Secondly, e.g. in Tesla systems are used to cool the reservoiroin energy. In this case, the excess temperature is „received” and removed from inside the cells.
Charging your car in the city? Remember the charging standard!
In Polish cities there are more and more pointsoin car chargingoin electric. Sometimes the operators of the stations are municipal authorities and inoTime to replenish the supplyoin energy is done completely free of charge. Often rocommercial charger operators are also offering free use of the point for a certain period of time after its launch. However, before we start using the station, we need to make sure what charging standard it supports. It is therefore necessary to check whether there is a station with full equipment, including a cable that connects to the car, or just a pole, at the chosen location. It is also worth determining what type of connector supports the point and whether the driver should not, for example. equip yourself with a special adapter.