After years of effort, the decay of the Higgs boson has been successfully observed
Physicists working at the Large Hadron Collidero(LHC) managed to observe the decay of the Higgs boson. The elusive decay process has eluded scientists until now. Reports from CERN show agreement between theoretical predictions and experimental data.
The Higgs boson, as conclusive observations have shown, decays into a particle called a bottom quark (also called a b quark or bottom quark) and its antimatter counterpart, the anytdenny quark. The decay was observed with the ATLAS and CMS detectors.
Although the discovery of the Higgs boson was made in 2012, observations of the decay have presented physicists with considerable difficulties. The problem with the unambiguous observation was that during the experiments conducted, disordered collisions at the LHC abundantly generate bottom and antiderivative quarks, whichore obscured the desired signal of the disappearance of the Higgs boson from background noise. In other words, bottom quarks could also have been created in other ways.
The Standard Model of particle physics had already predicted the 60 percent. caseoThe Higgs boson will decay into bottom quarks. However, testing this prediction was crucial, as the result mohead or provide support for the Standard Model, ktory is based on the assumption that the Higgs field gives quarks and other fundamental particles mass or rock its foundations and point to new physics.
– The observation marks a milestone in the exploration of the Higgs boson. It shows that the ATLAS and CMS experiments have achieved a deep understanding of the data and control of environments thatore exceeding expectations. All couplings of the Higgs boson to third-generation heavy quarks and leptons have been observed at the ATLAS detector, said Karl Jakobs, a spokesman for the ATLAS experiment operating at the LHC.
– Our experiments will continue to focus on the Higgs boson, whichory is often considered a portal to new physics. These results underscore the roAlso our plans to upgrade the LHC to get much better statistics. The analysis methods used achieve the precision required to explore the full physical landscape, including, hopefully, the new physics whoora so far hides from our sight – explained Eckhard Elsen, director of the. research and computer analysis at CERN.
The Higgs boson is a fundamental element of the Standard Model – a set of theories describing the basic building blocks of the Universe. The 2012 Nobel Prize-winning discovery explains the m.In. existence of mass. The particle is intrinsically linked to the Higgs field, ktore fills the entire space, including the cosmic pro¿nią.
Under certain circumstances, the existence of this field would manifest itself through the appearance of specific particles – the bosonoin Higgs. The particle lives a very krotko and decays quickly after it is created, into less massive particles. It’s what gives naturally occurring particles their mass.